Social Protection in Lebanon’s rural areas – Research Project

Project Brief

Research project on Social Protection in rural areas in Lebanon with a focus on the agricultural sector. Research scope included mapping and classification of all relevant stakeholders, mapping of related policy and legislative frameworks, assessment of social protection for Lebanese farmers and non-Lebanese farmhands, and assessment of potential partners for future projects.


There is mounting evidence that social protection has a fundamental role to play in ensuring inclusive, equitable and sustainable development. It ensures that all people have access to essential goods and services and can help to foster equality and social solidarity. Social development programmes tackle multiple dimensions of poverty including decent work and income security, education, health care and food security. Access to decent work and social security in particular have proven to be essential elements of equitable growth, maximizing human development objectives. Not only has this been considered a viable development pathway, but can ensure resilience to shocks for the most vulnerable populations. This has confirmed social protection not only as a human right, but as a social and economic necessity. As such, social protection has been set as a development priority in the post-2015 development agenda.

A context analysis was conducted for this project that aimed to locate social protection gaps as well as the efforts to moderate them. Recognizing the heterogeneous needs and vulnerabilities among agricultural populations, the report presented a brief overview of their conditions and statuses. It also presented the legislative and strategic instruments and programmes that support and/or provide social protection for agricultural workers.